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At New York Harbor it is approximately 0. Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island island comprises four counties ; Kings and Queens counties the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queensrespectively and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island County occupies the eastern two thirds.

Broadly speaking, "Long Island" may refer both to the main island and the surrounding outer barrier islands. To the east lie Block Island —which is part of the State of Rhode Island —and numerous smaller islands. Its population density is 5, If Long Island geographically constituted an independent metropolitan statistical areait would rank fourth most populous in the United States; while if it were a U.

Long Island is culturally and ethnically diversefeaturing some of the wealthiest and most expensive neighborhoods in the Western Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island near the shorelines as erwachsene dora und boots kostume as working-class areas in all four counties.

Nine bridges and thirteen tunnels including railroad tunnels connect Brooklyn and Queens to the three other boroughs of New York City. They total drama island courtney nackt canoes as a source of transportation, and since they lived by the shores, they went fishing.

They were exceptional farmers; they had a great understanding of how the weather erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island soil affected the crops. If they killed an animal, they used all the parts of it, so nothing went to waste.

The government that they set up was a participatory democracy and there was an alliance between the tribes. Each tribe had their own territory and chief that was respected by other tribes. The Lenape who were part of the Shinnecock Tribe practiced record keeping and used wooden tablets, trees, and stones to keep record. They also used wampum belts to write down important messages. The Europeans admired their friendliness and tumblr nicht nackte madchen modelle erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island in mediation.

Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to record an encounter with the Lenapes, after entering what is now New York Bay in The island's eastern portion was inhabited by speakers of the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language group of Algonquian languages; they were part of the Pequot and Narragansett peoples inhabiting the area that now includes Connecticut and Rhode Island.

Inthe English navigator Henry Hudson explored the harbor and purportedly landed at Coney Island. Adriaen Block followed inand is credited as the first European to determine that both Manhattan and Long Island are islands. Inthe European settlers purchased land from the Indigenous people.

They split the land amongst themselves and continued to search the island for more land for settlement. Other parts of indigenous land were bought, areas that are now known as Brookhaven, Bellport, and South haven. They thought that the exchange was made for them to share the land.

The white settlers and the indigenous people lived amicably together erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island a while. However, some of the white settlers did not trust some of indigenous people. This was done to prevent the Indigenous people from helping their allies in the mainland. After the Dutch began to move into Manhattan many of the indigenous people moved to Pennsylvania and Delaware. They erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island pressure to move as they did not fit in with the European culture or religion at the time.

Many of them who stayed behind died from smallpox. Native American land deeds recorded by the Dutch from state that the Indians referred to Long Island as Sewanhaka Sewanhacky and Sewanhacking erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island other spellings in the transliteration of Lenape. It is unclear when the name "Nassau Island" was discontinued. Another indigenous name from colonial time, Paumanokcomes from the Native American name for Long Island and means "the island that pays tribute.

The very first European settlements on Long Island were by settlers from England and its colonies in present-day New England. Lion Gardiner settled nearby Gardiners Island. The first settlement on the geographic Long Island itself was on October 21,when Southold was established by the Rev. John Youngs and settlers from New HavenConnecticut. Peter Hallock, one of the settlers, drew the long straw and was granted the honor to step ashore first.

He is considered the first New World settler on Long Island. Southampton was settled in the same year. Hempstead followed inEast Hampton inHuntington inBrookhaven inand Smithtown in While the English eastern region of Long Island was first settled by the English, the western portion of Long Island was settled by the Dutch; untilthe jurisdiction of Long Island was split between the Dutch and English, roughly at the present border between Nassau County and Suffolk County.

The Dutch founded six towns in present-day Brooklyn beginning in Kostenlose extreme raue hardcore porno throughout Suffolk County pressed to stay part of Connecticut, but Governor Sir Edmund Andros threatened to eliminate the settlers' rights to land if they did not yield, which they did by InYorkshire was dissolved and the three original counties on Long Island were established: Kings, Queens, and Suffolk. Early in the American Revolutionary Warthe island was captured by the British from General George Washington in the Battle of Long Islanda decisive battle after which Washington narrowly evacuated his troops from Brooklyn Heights under a dense fog.

The island was a British stronghold until the end of the war in General Washington based his espionage activities on Long Island, due to the western part of the island's proximity to the British military headquarters in New York City. This ring alerted Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island to valuable British secrets, including the treason of Benedict Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island and a plan to use counterfeiting to induce economic sabotage.

Long Island's colonists served both Loyalist and Patriot causes, with many prominent tokyo hot xxx nude pic divided among both sides. During the occupation British troops used a number of civilian structures for defense and demanded to be quartered in the homes of civilians.

A number of structures from this era remain. Also in existence is a reconstruction of Brooklyn's Old Stone Houseon the site of the Maryland 's celebrated last stand during the Battle of Long Island. In the 19th century, Long Island was still mainly rural and devoted to agriculture. The line was completed to the east end of Long Island in as part of a plan for transportation to Boston.

Competing railroads soon absorbed by the LIRR were built along the south shore to accommodate travellers from those more populated areas. For the century from untiltotal population roughly doubled every twenty years, with more dense development in areas near Manhattan.

Until the completion of the Brooklyn Bridgethe only means of travel between Long Island and the rest of the United States was by boat or ship. As other bridges and tunnels were constructed, areas of the island began to be developed as residential suburbs, first around the railroads that offered commuting into the city. On January 1,Kings County and portions of Queens were consolidated into the ' City of Greater New York ', abolishing all cities and towns within them.

At the close of the 19th century, wealthy industrialists who made vast fortunes during the Gilded Age began to construct large "baronial" country estates in Nassau Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island communities along the North Shore of Long Island, favoring the many properties with water views. Proximity to Manhattan attracted such men as J. MorganWilliam Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island. Vanderbiltand Charles Prattwhose estates led erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island this area being nicknamed the Gold Coast.

This period and the area was immortalized in fiction, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsbywhich has also been adapted in films. Charles Lindbergh lifted off from Roosevelt Field with his Spirit of Saint Louis for his historic solo flight to Europe, one of the events that helped to establish Long Island as an early center of aviation during the 20th Century. Other famous aviators such as Wiley Post originated notable flights from Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, which became the first major airport serving New York City before it was superseded by the opening of La Guardia Airport in Aircraft production on Long Island extended all the way erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island the Space Age — Grumman was one of the major contractors that helped to build the early lunar flight erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island space shuttle vehicles.

Although the aircraft companies eventually ended their Long Island operations and the early airports were all later closed — Roosevelt Field, for instance, became the site of a major shopping mall — the Cradle of Aviation Museum on the site of the erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island Mitchel Field documents the Island's key role in the history of aviation. From the s to the s, Long Island began the transformation from backwoods and farms as developers created numerous suburbs.

Robert Moses engineered various automobile parkway projects erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island span the island, and developed beaches and state parks for the enjoyment of residents and erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island from the city.

Gradually, development erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island followed these parkways, with various communities springing up along the more traveled routes. Second and third-generation children of immigrants moved out to eastern Long Island to settle in new housing developments built during the post-war boom.

Levittown became noted as a suburb, where housing construction was simplified to be produced on a ranbir kapoor dating katrina kaif scale. These provided opportunities for World War II military veterans returning home to buy houses and start a family. By the start of the 21st century, a number of Long Island communities had converted their assets from industrial uses to post-industrial roles.

Brooklyn reversed decades of population decline and factory closings to resurface as a globally renowned cultural and intellectual hotbed. Gentrification has affected much of Brooklyn and a portion of Queens, relocating a sizeable swath of New York City's population.

On eastern Long Island, such villages as Port JeffersonPatchogueand Riverhead have been changed from inactive shipbuilding and mill towns into tourist-centric erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island centers with cultural attractions. The descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants from southern and eastern Europeand black migrants from the South, have been followed by more recent immigrants from Asia and Latin America.

Long Island has many ethnic IrishJewsand Italiansas erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island as an increasing numbers of Asians and Hispanicsreflecting later migrations.

The central and eastern portions contain the suburban Nassau and Suffolk Counties. However, colloquial usage of the term "Long Island" usually refers only to Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

Maine that Long Island is legally not an island, because New York State's boundaries contained its offshore soil and seabeds. Nassau County is more densely developed than Suffolk County.

While affluent overall, Nassau County has pockets of more pronounced wealth with estates covering greater acreage within the Gold Coast of the North Shore and the Five Towns area on the South Shore. South Shore communities are built along protected wetlands of the island and contain white sandy beaches of Outer Barrier Islands fronting on the Atlantic Ocean. Dutch and English settlers from the time before the American Revolutionary Waras well as communities of Native Americans, populated the island.

The 19th century saw the infusion of the wealthiest Americans in the so-called Gold Coast of the North Shorewhere wealthy Americans and Europeans in the Gilded Age built lavish country homes. In its easternmost sections, Suffolk County remains semi-rural, as in Greenport on the North Fork and some of the periphery of the area prominently known as The Hamptonsalthough summer tourism swells the population in those areas.

The Pine Barrens is a preserved pine forest encompassing much of eastern Suffolk County. A detailed geomorphological study of Long Island provides evidence of glacial history of the kame and terminal moraines of the island which were formed by the advance and retreat of two ice sheets.

These moraines consist of erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island and loose rock left behind during the two most recent pulses of Wisconsin glaciation during the ice ages some 21, erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island ago 19, Erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island. The northern moraine, which directly abuts the North Shore of Long Island at points, is known as the Harbor Hill moraine.

The erwachsenen gemeinde auf long island southerly moraine, known as the Ronkonkoma moraine, forms the "backbone" of Long Island; it runs primarily through the very center of Long Island, roughly coinciding with the length of the Long Island Expressway. The land to the south of this moraine to the South Shore is the outwash plain of the last glacier.

One part of the outwash plain was known as the Hempstead Plainsand this land contained one of the few natural prairies to exist east of the Appalachian Mountains. The North Shore beaches are rocky from the remaining glacial debris, while the South Shore's are crisp, clear, outwash sand.


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